Cause and Prevention of Obesity

Obesity is a kind of disease in which the body fat has risen to a degree that can have a detrimental impact on health. People are usually considered overweight if their body mass index (BMI) measurements are calculated by dividing the person's weight by the square of the person's height by more than 30 kg / m2 within a range of 25-30 kg / m2 defined as overweight. The population of overweight people has been doubled since 1980, over more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight 13% of them are obese.

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It is also defined as abnormal fat accumulation that may impair health. The main cause of being obese in an energy imbalance between calories consumed & calories used one result of global changes in dietary and physical activity patterns the main health problem associated with obesity is cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders and sometimes it leads to cancer. It is the fifth leading risk for global deaths as 2.6 million adults die because of being obese.


In obesity person body weight increases than what is considered healthy according to their height. People become obese because of their imbalance diet they eat. Your body gets calories (energy in) from the food you eat and energy out is the number of calories your body burns during physical activity. If your energy in (which your body is getting from the food you eat) rises than the energy out you will gain weight. If your energy in and energy out will remain the same your weight will be stable but if your energy out is less than energy in you will lose weight.


Risk of being obese include 
Aging
Junk food
Lack of Sleep
Imbalance diet intake
Family history of genetically inherited
Lack of exercise of an inactive lifestyle
Intake of diet high in fatty and sugary foods meals
Lack of healthy food a poor diet of foods high in calories


Obesity is caused by eating more calories than you burn through exercise and normal daily life activities. As a result body stores these excess calories as fat. Lack of sleep can lead to hormonal changes increasing appetite and you may crave the food high in calories, which ultimately leads you towards weight gain. Genetics also plays an important role in having a family history of obesity raises the higher risk, of being obese. The aging and side effects of certain medications may also leads to obesity.


Obesity Health Problems
Obesity is a chronic condition that increases your risk of disease and health complication particularly certain types of
Stroke
Cancer
Infertility
Osteoarthritis
Heart disease
Type 2 diabetes
High blood pressure


Obesity not only leads you to these conditions but it also affects the quality of your life it leads you towards depression, psychological issues, shame, guilt, and too low self-esteem. Obesity can be found commonly in women than in men. Obesity can cause stroke as being overweight can lead you to high blood pressure and related complications. Obesity may cause atherosclerosis, hardening of arteries, heart attack, or kidney failure.

Preventions of Obesity
You may be concerned about preventing obesity because of many reasons such as creeping weight gain; to stay healthy might be the family history of obesity or certain related medical concerns. Preventing obesity helps you to reduce risk factors of related health issues from heart diseases to cancer, stroke, and much more.

Like other fatal diseases, Obesity is preventable by taking adequate healthy steps
Regular exercise keeping your body active
By expert and international association, highly recommend 30 minutes of daily exercise 5 days a week and 150 minutes of moderate-intensity in an overall week. Individuals who walk at a fast pace have lower rates of obesity.

Taking a healthy diet
Highly proceed foods including white bread and boxed snack foods are the major source of empty calories and they tend to add up quickly. Highly-proceed foods absorbed more calories and cause weight gain while in contrast eating less proceed foods results in weight loss. Reduce sugar consumption, limit artificial sweeteners, and skip saturated fats.

Taking adequate sleep
Follow a proper sleep pattern as lack of sleep can lead towards hormonal changes increasing appetite and you may crave for the food high in calories, which ultimately leads you towards weight gain

Try plant-based diet
Prefer plant-based diet no oil, no steaming, and no frying are overall linked with lower rates of obesity. Fill your plate with fresh fruits and whole vegetables at every meal. Avoid eating a diet that is high in saturated fats including dairy and red meat.

Whether you are a healthy person or a currently overweight, you can avoid obesity by taking these steps. These steps not only prevent obesity but also promise to watch you eating, drinking, and enjoying a healthy lifestyle in the long run of life.

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