Cause and Prevention of High Blood Pressure

High Blood pressure or hypertension is when the force of blood going through your blood vessels is too high it means your heart has to work a lot harder to move blood through your body if not treated high blood pressure can lead to serious health problems like heart attacks or strokes. High blood pressure is the intensity of your blood hitting the walls of your artery. There are two reading which measures blood pressure.

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Systolic pressure (the higher number)
It determines the force of blood being pumped across in your body when your heart contracts. Normally it should be less than 120mm of mercury.

Diastolic pressure (the lower number)
It measures when the heart relaxes between beats. Normally it should be less than 80mm of mercury.
If the level of your systolic blood pressure stays higher than 140 and diastolic, the pressure stays above 90 you might have high blood pressure.


High blood pressure is also known as hypertension and it is usually diagnosed when your levels are always above 140/90 mm of mercury. It makes your blood vessels less stretchy and damages the walls of your arteries. This is the reason fatty deposits start to build up; as a result, they limit the circulation of blood & oxygen. Because of this reason, most people suffer from a heart attack and stroke.


Normally high blood pressure has no symptoms. High blood pressure can be caused by eating too much amount of salt, too much consumption of alcohol, obesity, and laziness can cause high blood pressure.

3 main factors affect the pressure on your artery wall, they are
Cardiac Output
Blood Volume
Resistance (anything hindering against the blood flow in the body)


Over time high blood pressure starts damaging the walls of your arteries. As a result, your arteries' walls will become weak forming an enlargement termed as an aneurysm. The arteries wall may burst to cause bleeding in the surrounding tissues. Often plaque formed in blood arteries hindering blood flow, which further in result causes clotting or completely blockages of arteries.

Due to blockage in arteries, blood pressure increases by making your heartbeat more forcefully. Damages in arteries and lower blood pressure can lead to conditions like stroke, heart failure, and kidney diseases. Smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, laziness, and physical inactivity lead toward high blood pressure.


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension is also known as the silent killer as it shows no symptoms. All you need to do is to have your blood pressure level checked completely. However, some of the people experience
Headaches
Dizziness
Chest pain
Nosebleeds
Vision Problem
Fatigue
Blood in urine
Shortness of breath with high blood pressure


Usually, these symptoms occur mostly when your blood pressure level reaches a dangerous level. In case of these symptoms you need to concern with your Doctor because the longer they get the greater, they appear fatal for your health. The best way to know if you have, blood pressure is to have it checked regularly & on every appointment with your Doctor.

Causes of High blood pressure
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known however, the most common factor to raise blood pressure level includes, a diet with the high amount in salt,  fat, and cholesterol, etc. other factors are highlighted below
Smoking
Obesity
Family history
Older age
Too much consumption of alcohol
Diet high in salt


Prevention of High Blood Pressure
There are different stages of high blood pressure and you are in danger accordingly. The higher your blood level is the more frequently you need to have it checked before it causes any health complication. Levels of High blood pressure are mentioned below.

Normal blood pressure comprises from 120 to 80
Prehypertension levels are 120-139 and 80-89
HBP (Stage 1) comprises from 140-159 on top & 90-99 on bottom
HBP (Stage 2) comprises from 2-160 on top & 100 on bottom

After the age of 18, you need to have your blood pressure checked at least once a year. If you are at risk of high blood pressure you, need a serious change in your lifestyle especially follow healthy diets and avoid the food high in salt.

However, the below mentioned step can help you avoiding High blood pressure.
Quit smoking
Manage your stress
Eat a healthy diet
Cut back on salt
Reduce alcohol consumption
Loose body weight
Proper medication
Critically monitor your blood pressure
Go for exercise 45 minutes & five days in a week is highly recommended don’t be a couch potato


You must need to keep your blood pressure level lower than 134/80. The longer your high blood pressure goes the greater health complication will be caused such as metabolic syndrome, narrowed blood vessels in your kidney, torn blood vessels in your eyes, aneurysm, trouble in understanding affects memory and it can cause dementia.

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